The capital of Italy is Rome, with a rich history that dates back to around 700 years BCE. It is one of the great cities of the world, with its history on display throughout the city. Rome's Forum, Colosseum, Palatine, Trajan's Market and the Pantheon are wonderful reminders of its ancient past. St Peter's Basilica and the Vatican itself are monuments to the genius of the Renaissance architects. Throughout the city ornate piazzas and fountains add a finishing touch to the city's streets.
Rome is a city to made for walking, allowing visitors to fully absorb the culture exploring out of the way places where you can find countless hidden gems. When you are ready for a rest, find a sidewalk cafe and enjoy the never-ending passing parade. The Trastevere area is described as the 'real' Rome and has the wonderful atmosphere of a busy city with a magnificent past. Take a walk from Santa Maria in Trastevere up the hill to the Piazza di San Pietro in Montorio. Within these grounds is the smallest church in Rome, the Tempietto di Peitro. It was designed by Donato Bramante and used as his model for the dome of St Peter's Basilica.